Intellectual Disability refers to a child’s inability to carry out different tasks with same pace as compared to the children of the same age due to below average mental abilities (IQ < 70). The two areas that are affected are:
• Intellectual functioning (such as learning, problem solving, limited reasoning skills)
• Adaptive functioning (activities of daily life such as communication and independent living)
On the basis of intellectual functioning it can be identified as
• Can generally learn reading, writing and math skills with appropriate intervention
upto their potential.
• Can learn some basic reading and writing skills, functional skills of safety and self help .
• Requires consistent supervision
• Difficulty in reading and writing
• Can learn self help skills and routines
• Require supervision in their daily living activities
• Requires intensive support
• Difficulty in communication
On the basis of adaptive functioning, the “ Red Flags” in three domains could be:
Conceptual domain : Language, Reasoning,Reading, Knowledge, Writing, Memory, Math.
Social domain : Empathy, Interpersonal Relationships, Making & Retaining friendships.
Practical domain : Personal Care, Job Responsibilities, Money, Organisation of tasks, Recreation.